by Keith -

Nosebleeds are common in children and adults. They often easily treated and do not return. Nose bleeds can be distressing to children and embarrassing to adults.
Blood vessels in nose close to skin and easily damaged by putting things in the nose, stress and illness. Nose bleeds can also be from physical impact to the nose by falling or hit in the face. Be careful in stopping the nose bleed if you think the nose may be broken or if there are any external injuries.  Treatment of someone with a nose bleed is first to get them to sit down. If needed calm and reassure them.
Lean them forward to maintain airway and to prevent blood flowing down the throat which could induce vomiting or nausea.  Get them to pinch the soft part of the nose to help stop the bleed and allow the blood flow to stop.  You may want to give them a bowl so they can spit out blood rather than swallow if needed and give them tissues.  Leave the pressure on for ten minutes the gently remove the pressure to see if the bleed has stopped.
If it has not stopped, repeat with another ten minutes. If the bleed has not stopped in 30 minutes then you will need to take them to a medical professional.  Tell them to avoid sniffing, coughing, blowing nose or talking as these can all cause the bleed to start again and prevent healing.
Regular nose bleeds, may be an indication of something more serious and a visit to a Doctor is advised.  Children who suffer from regular nosebleeds, often out grow them without medical treatment.

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