Can be triggered by emotional or other medical conditions. Can also be linked to a panic attack. Hyperventilation is a common problem for a First Aider to deal with and can raise concerns when seen to a possible heart attack.
There can be many signs and symptoms like chest pain, breathing difficulties, fear, dizziness, headaches and shaking.
They can be encouraged to breathe slowly but if this does not work then get them to breathe back their exhaled air to reset the correct breathing paten by breathing in and out of a paper bag.
- You can get a paper bag to use in the lesson to demonstrate the skill
- Airplane sick bags are ideal
- It is also recommended in some cases not to use the bag but to calm them down and get them to concentrate on their breathing.